Welcome to 32kb.net, hosted in Perth, Western Australia, a site dedicated to nothing more than sharing with the world things I find interesting, useful or worth preserving.

I am a Data and Computer Scientist who loves music, synthesisers, photography, mathematics, writing and exploring and learning about the world around me.

I have been haphazardly collecting software since the early 1990s, from the days of Bulletin Board Services, ftp, gopher, archie and veronica. I have made some of this software available here, some comes from more recent resources such as the excellent Internet Archive and WinWorldPc.

The Articles section contains articles written by me.

This site is running on a Raspberry Pi 4 running FreeBSD, because I wanted to learn something new, and I like the philosophy behind FreeBSD. Consequently, this site is systemd free. You can find more details about the network and hosting system here.

I also have a gopher site at gopher://gopher.32kb.net. Perhaps you would like to visit that?

Bulk converting Wave files on MacOS

mkdir 16bit; cp -R sounds ./16bit; find ./16bit -iname “*.wav” -exec afconvert -d LEI16 {} {} “;”


The brakes on the Ninebot Max can be adjusted using a 14mm and 8mm spanner.

My first Geocities Account

\1997. The web is a new and wonderous place.

  • Apparently I had a Hotmail address in 1997 - within a year of it first launching.
  • Passwords for new accounts were emailed in plain text.

We have access to the [password] database and can get it any time.

Chills. Apparently salted and hashed passwords weren’t a thing in 1997.

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From civics@www5.geocities.com Mon Jun  9 04:59:18 1997
Received: (webmastr@localhost) by www5.geocities.com (SMI-8.6/mail.byaddr)
        id EAA22247; Mon, 9 Jun 1997 04:59:14 -0700
Date: Mon, 9 Jun 1997 04:59:14 -0700
From: civics@www5.geocities.com    [Save Address]
Message-Id: <199706091159.EAA22247@www5.geocities.com>
Subject: Welcome To GeoCities
Apparently-To: ldebyl@hotmail.com

   [Reply/ReplyAll/Forward]  [Delete]  [Prev/Next Message]

Welcome, Lee, to GeoCities Personal Home Page Program!
Please write down or save the following information for future use.

Your Member Name is: emphysia.
Your Neighborhood is: SunsetStrip/Stage.
Your Address is: 2041.
Your Current Password is: bacfye.

NOTE: We will NEVER ask you for your password.  We have access to the database
and can get it at any time. Please be sure not to give it out to anyone else.

The URL for your Personal Home Page is:

Your GeoCities email address is: emphysia@geocities.com.

You can sign up for free email subscriptions from exciting content
providers by visiting Netscape In-Box Direct at:


For help in using your new GeoCities email account, see:

We encourage you to change your password soon with our profile editor at

At this location you can also make all other changes to your account
profile, including changing your member name and directory listing.

To begin building your personal home page, you may use one of our
three Home Page Editors, or you can submit your files to us via our
EZ File Upload Utility, or FTP.  You can read about all of these
features at:

The one thing that you MUST have on all of your HTML pages is a link back
to GeoCities.  The preferred source code for your pages is:

        This page hosted by
        <a href="/"><img src="/pictures/gc_icon.gif" border=0
        Get your own <a href="/">Free Home Page</a></b></center>

You can place it anywhere on your page and can vary the text size and color
to integrate it into your page the way you think it looks best.

The purpose of the free Personal Home Page Program is to give people
the ability to create a home on the World Wide Web that reflects their
interests, hobbies and background.  We encourage you to take a look at
some of the other pages in GeoCities to get some ideas on creating your
own page.

Here are some important things to know about your GeoCities home page:
   * We do not allow sponsorship banners or any \link exchange\ type of
     banners in GeoCities, with the two sole exceptions of the GeoCities
     GeoRewards program and the Internet Link Exchange.  You can read
     about the Geocities GeoRewards program at

   * Your page must be personal in nature, and not commercial.  For
     information about our Commercial Page Program, please go to

   * We strictly prohibit nudity and all pornographic material in GeoCities.
     This includes graphics, text, and pages that are devoted to providing
          links to other pornographic sites.

Please be sure to read all of our policies and page content guidelines at

We also ask that you please move into your new home within two weeks, or your
registration for your home page and email account will be deleted to make room
for another homesteader.

GeoCities is an amazing place that allows everyone the opportunity to
share their thoughts and passions with the world.  Within GeoCities
you'll find everything from the latest news stories, to great recipes
for chicken, to tips on the hottest stocks on Wall Street.  Feel free
to use your imagination on what to include in your page.  We are always
looking for new and exciting ideas, and welcome your creativity and
expression of original content.

After you've set up your home page, be sure to read about our Featured Page
Program at http://www.geocities.com/homestead/contribute.html.  If we love
your page as much as you do, we'll feature it on the main neighborhood page,
and show everyone else how great it is.

Here are some important URLs to help you find things in GeoCities.  Please
write them down or save them for later use.

  * Main Information Page   -- http://www.geocities.com/homestead/
  * Member Utilities Page   -- http://www.geocities.com/Utilities/
  * Page Content Guidelines -- http://www.geocities.com/homestead/homeguide.html
  * Help Information        -- http://www.geocities.com/help/

After you've had a chance to hang out in GeoCities a while, be sure to stop
by the GeoStore and take a look at the official GeoCities merchandise. You'll
also find lots of great software, web site design books, and other neat tools
for helping you design a really cool home page. The GeoStore is located at

Again, welcome to the neighborhood!

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